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Computational physics is a rapidly growing subfield of computational science, in large part because computers can solve previously intractable problems or simulate natural processes that do not have analytic solutions. The next step beyond Landau's "First Course in Scientific Computing" and a follow-up to Landau and Paez's "Computational Physics," this text presents a broad survey of key topics in computational physics for advanced undergraduates and beginning graduate students, including new discussions of visualization tools, wavelet analysis, molecular dynamics, and computational fluid dynamics. By treating science, applied mathematics, and computer science together, the book reveals how this knowledge base can be applied to a wider range of real-world problems than computational physics texts normally address.
Designed for a one- or two-semester course, "A Survey of Computational Physics" will also interest anyone who wants a reference on or practical experience in the basics of computational physics. The text includes a CD-ROM with supplementary materials, including Java, Fortran, and C programs; animations; visualizations; color figures; interactive Java applets; codes for MPI, PVM, and OpenDX; and a PVM tutorial.Accessible to advanced undergraduates Real-world problem-solving approach Java codes and applets integrated with text Accompanying CD-ROM contains codes, applets, animations, and visualization files Companion Web site includes videos of lectures
<b>A complete, hands-on guide to the use of statistical methods for obtaining reliable and practical survey research</b> <p> <p> <i>Applied Survey Methods</i> provides a comprehensive outline of the complete survey process, from design to publication. Filling a gap in the current literature, this one-of-a-kind book describes both the theory and practical applications of survey research with an emphasis on the statistical aspects of survey methods. <p> The book begins with a brief historic overview of survey research methods followed by a discussion that details the needed first steps for carrying out a survey, including the definition of a target population, the selection of a sampling frame, and the outline of a questionnaire with several examples that include common errors to avoid in the wording of questions. Throughout the book, the author provides an accessible discussion on the methodological problems that are associated with the survey process, outlining real data and examples while also providing insight on the future of survey research. Chapter coverage explores the various aspects of the survey process and the accompanying numerical techniques, including: <ul> <li> <div>Simple and composite sampling designs</div> <li> <div>Estimators</div> <li> <div>Data collection and editing</div> <li> <div>The quality of results</div> <li> <div>The non-response problem</div> <li> <div>Weighting adjustments and methods</div> <li> <div>Disclosure control</div> </ul> <p> The final chapter addresses the growing popularity of Web surveys, and the associated methodological problems are discussed, including solutions to common pitfalls. Exercises are provided throughout with selected answers included at the end of the book, while a related Web site features additional solutions to exercises and a downloadable demo version of the Blaise system of computer-assisted interviewing. Access to the freely available SimSam software is also available on the related Web site and provides readers with the tools needed to simulate samples from finite populations as well as visualize the effects of sample size, non-response, and the use of different estimation procedures. <p> <i>Applied Survey Methods</i> is an excellent book for courses on survey research and non-response in surveys at the upper-undergraduate and graduate levels. It is also a useful reference for practicing statisticians and survey methodologists who work in both government and private research sectors.
Samantha Spins a Web celebrates diversity and appreciation of that which is different. It's a book about spiders, but more importantly it's about accepting and appreciating differences. When Samantha's friends see a spider on the playground, they do what most people would. They try to kill it. Animal-loving Samantha steps in, but now what can she do? While Samantha is struggling to help her friends stop being afraid of spiders, she realizes she has a few fears to work on as well. Samantha Spins a Web is a children's chapter book filled with fun and adventure while teaching about the creepiest of crawlies, the spider. It is broken up into chapters, which contain wonderful illustrations by Matthew Gauvin. Also included at the end of the book are Spider Fun Facts and a Quiz to help further your child's reading enjoyment.
Reconstructing the shape of an object from images is an important problem in computer vision that has led to a variety of solution strategies. This monograph focuses on photometric stereo, that is, techniques that exploit the observed intensity variations caused by illumination changes to recover the orientation of the surface. In the most basic setting, a diffuse surface is illuminated from at least three directions and captured with a static camera. Under some conditions, this allows to recover per-pixel surface normals. Modern approaches generalize photometric stereo in various ways; for example, relaxing constraints on lighting, surface reflectance and camera placement, or creating different types of local surface estimates. Starting with an introduction for readers unfamiliar with the subject, A Survey of Photometric Stereo Techniques discusses the foundations of this field of research. It then summarizes important trends and developments that have emerged in the last three decades. The focus is on approaches with the potential to be applied in a broad range of scenarios. This implies, for example, simple capture setups, relaxed model assumptions, and increased robustness requirements. This is an ideal reference for anyone looking for an understanding of the diverse concepts and ideas around this topic and how we can move towards more general techniques than traditional photometric stereo.
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